There are four stories in this book based on CHAHAR MAQALA written by NIZAMI AROOZI SAMARQANDI(a Persian Poet and prose writer who flourished between 1110 and 1161 AD. He is particularly famous for his Chahar Maqala (Four Discourses.
Then, These stories include four stories which are related to four groups of people, writers, poets, doctors and astronomers. At that time, these four groups had an important position in the society and were highly praised and respected by the kings.
Feridoon puts his sons under a difficult exam. After passing the exam, Feridoon divides the world between his sons into three parts. But the two younger brothers rebel against their older brother, Iraj and kill him.
This book is based on Ghaboosnameh or the book of Qabus which is a major work of Persian Literature from the eleventh century (c. 1080 AD). It includes different kinds of stories from ancient times. The stories outline noble education, manners, and conduct in ethical didactic prose.
24 selected stories based on Masnavi's which is an extensive poem written in Persian by Rumi (a 13th-century Persian Poet). Mathnavi-e Maanavi is the best known work of Rumi consisting of 24,660 couplets in seven books. Rumi includes multiple points of view that continually invite his readers to fall into “imaginative enchantment” .It includes popular stories from the local bazaar to fables and tales from his time. It also includes quotations from Holy Quran.The author has tried to simplify these poems for children to understand.
Rostam and Sohrab is the name of story in the book of the kings Shahnameh; the national epic of Iran written by Ferdosi; a highly revered Persian poet. Rakhsh is the name of Rostam's horse. Rakhsh is taken captive by the king of Samangan and taken to the city. Rostam goes to the palace in search of his horse. Suddenly he meets Tahmine; the king's daughter and falls in love with her.They get married and their son is born. His name is Sohrab. Rostam have to leave his family. Sohrab often thinks of his father since he couldn't have seen him at all! Finally they see each other …., however this event is the most sorrowful tragedy in the book of the kings which finishes with Sohrab's death.
Zahak is a cruel king. Two snakes were grown on his shoulders because he has governed his country with cruelty. The snakes don't eat anything unless the brain of two young adults , every day.
Feridoon and Kaveh with a group of the brave men rebel against Zahak and triumph over him.